What is Catfishing? – How to Spot a Fake Online Social Media Profile

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How to Spot a Fake Online Social Media Profile

What is Catfishing?

Catfishing is a term that originally referred to a type of internet scam, but now it’s also used for someone who pretends to be someone they are not online.

Recently, there’s been an explosion in the number of websites and programs available to create fake social media profiles for people who want to protect their anonymity or simply have professional profiles on the web (even if they don’t operate professionally).

So, “catfish” usually means a person tending to such profiles and using them with deceptive intent. The term catfish can also refer specifically to the act of luring someone into believing they’re sexy when all you wanted was attention.

Catfishing is the term for an Internet-based deception where people create fake profiles on social media sites, such as Facebook or Instagram, to represent themselves as someone other than their true identity.

This can happen for various reasons, to reaffirm one’s self-identity as being desired and attractive (regardless of whether the subject portrays themselves positively or negatively), for revenge, out of boredom, or just for fun.

Common motives include personal benefits like a more satisfying social life by meeting credible new people offline, raising one’s online presence by increasing likes and followers, humiliation through posting explicit content for financial gain, increased status within a group who believe they are in contact with a celebrity; misinformation designed to infiltrate.

How to Identify the Fake Accounts in Online Social Media

  1. Check the number of followers they have- if there are too many for their niche, it’s a bad sign.
  2. If everything is in one language, they’re often fake and using a bot
  3. Be wary that all the pictures on their account look like stock photos; this might be an indication that the person does not exist or just doesn’t want to post anything personal about themselves
  4. Something fishy? Check out some of their content. Are there any grammatical errors or inconsistencies in what they say on different platforms?
  5. Double-check who else they follow to see if it leads anywhere strange. What do others say about them online? You may find trouble by asking important

Humans are social creatures who like to talk about themselves. As a result, they often post personal information for public consumption. You can spot some of the most blatant giveaways that this is not a genuine social media profile by looking at these metrics on their posts or photos.

  • how long ago was the account created, and
  • if the person has lots of followers and likes, it might be an “astroturfed” campaign paid for by an organization
  • Check the viewer’s recent views, likes, and posts to see if they align with what you know about their real life.
  • Any accounts made before that date, even ones for celebrities and recognizable people, will not appear on search because they are all private by default.
  • As for LinkedIn – if the company or its CEO is not located at the listed location, then it may also be a fake account, although this is less common with LinkedIn than with Facebook and Twitter, as LinkedIn requires more information.

Verify their social media profiles by looking at the number of followers, updates, and extended profile information. Also, take note of their activity. If they only post photos and comment on other people’s posts without any original content or topics, chances are it might not be theirs.

If you’re using Facebook, search for them by using different ways to spell their name. There could be duplicate accounts or someone impersonating them because they can’t find this person.

Also, if you see that the stories/pictures have been uploaded to more than one account, they most likely came from an actual event happening somewhere, meaning that these are likely being posted in conjunction with others rather than being done by themselves, especially.

Catfishing in Social Media

Though it offers many benefits, it is also a terrifying place. While the internet and social media made it easy for the people to connect and communicate even if they are 1000s of miles away from each other, it also opens doors for fraud and deception. Everything about catfishing on social media is given here.

Catfishing is a phenomenon in which people pretend to be someone else online to lure targets into a relationship. Catfish creates a fake profile using the photos and personal information of others.

These people aim to extract money or get personal details of victims and use them to blackmail them. They request for money and never want to meet up in person.

Others use their fake identity to meet up with the victim in person, and this could be extremely dangerous.

The word ‘Catfish’ became famous when a documentary on the same name was released in 2010. The story of the literature is that a man falls in love on Facebook with a woman and finds out that her identity is a lie. Since then, people started using the term to describe people who pretend to be others on social media.

Why People Catfish?

There are many reasons why people catfish. These can be to engage in romantic or sexual relationships with people on social media.

To obtain pornographic photos or videos of their target and sell them to make money or to blackmail the victim for money. For stealing money from others or for stalking and grooming minors.


Revenge appears to be one of the principal reasons people decide to catfish others. Ditched lovers, ex-friends, enemies, etc., with time on hand, might become catfishes.

The catfishing phenomenon can be observed all over the internet, including social media sites, dating sites, etc. These people make use of the information they know about the victims and try to impress them.

Alternated Reality:

Some people use the virtual world to live the life of their dreams. They enjoy playing the roles they choose to and cannot play in the real world. They try making others believe that they are glamorous, successful, or else that they are facing heart-wrenching tragedy.

They want to escape from the reality of their own lives as they are bored, bullied or have so many problems in their life.


Some others want to get money from others. They may be alone or act with a group. They try to form long relationships with the victims to continue to get cash.

They trick people into sending those gifts or money. This is the most common scam observed on the internet — a lot of people are prey to these scammers.

Dangers of catfishing for person catfished

The person who got catfished becomes emotionally disturbed, and their self-esteem might diminish. There will be an embarrassment, monetary loss, time, energy, and resources lost in the relationship for a fake person or a person who never existed.

How to Avoid Getting Catfished?

It is possible to avoid getting catfished online. Tools such as Google Image Search help with this. If you are speaking to someone online, do a Google search to get the information revealed about them. Find if the person is what he claims to be.

  • Another way to find out is to ask them to phone or chat with you via webcam. Never go to a lonely place to meet someone who befriended you on the internet.
  • Do not share personal information with anyone who you do not know. Check the social media accounts of the person.
  • These usually have a meager friend count. There will be no photos of themselves, friends, or family members.
  • Get suspicious when someone you do not know tries to contact you because such people usually have some motive for it. They try to cheat and fake their identity.
  • If someone asks you for personal information such as parents’ info, license numbers, or bank account numbers, do not give it to them.
  • Some dating sites ask people to provide information that may tie police or others back to them before they take membership in their websites.
  • This helps filter the scammers to some extent. Sticking to higher-quality sites is always advised.
  • Do not ever send money to people that you do not know. Sometimes, the situation might require a professional to be hired to verify the information.
  • Scammers usually do not want anyone to identify them, so they avoid showing their faces.
  • They prefer talking over the phone than to use video chat services. Suspect a person if his profile picture on social media looks old or is a stock image.
  • Their profile looks incomplete, and there are very few numbers of friends on their list.
  • Keep your privacy settings in place. Do not share personal information with anybody. Meet them only in public places. Do not give your phone numbers or house or office address.
  • If the person refuses to come to video calls and is finding excuses to meet you up personally, be cautious, something sketch might be going on.
  • Do not accept the request for sexy photos. If you are not comfortable talking to them or finding their demands strange, do not be afraid to say no.


The phenomenon of catfishing on social media is not new and has been seen since the introduction of the internet. Every internet user must ensure that they do not fall prey to these people. The launch of too many social media apps or sites is intended to fraudulently force users to retrieve their data, which leads to money being drawn from their accounts.

Please email us at info@dotndot.com or call us at +919848321284.

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